REVIEW FOR FINAL 2010

You should go over ALL TESTS FOR THE YEAR.
ALL REVIEW SHEETS FOR THE YEAR
Tests that you did not score well on, you should look back at the chapter notes also.

The test is TWO DAYS- June 8 (Tuesday) and June 9 (Wednesday)
Day 1: Multiple Choice and Short Answer from Majority of the year. (Up to but NOT including FOOD) Also CHOICE OF ONE ARTICLE out of many with questions about article and general topic questions-Topics will include: Climate, Marine Bio, Anatomy, Dissections

Day 2: Articles from the entire year,(choice of 3 out of 5) AND FOOD: multiple choice, Nutrition Label Reading, Evaluating a diet, Types of FATS and Beverage choices. General multiple choice questions from FOOD INC.

REVIEW:
It is the same version below and on this Word Document.

An environmental Article with some of these questions:
Why is this an environmental issue?
Where is it an issue?
How much does it/can it affect the environment if not addressed by humans?
What statistics are out there to explain the situation/circumstances?
When did this problem start? -Is there a specific event/person/company that began the problem?
What major events have occurred with this issue in the past year? 5 years? 15years? 30 years? 100years?
Find major companies/research/universities/activist groups/websites devoted to addressing this issue.
What do all these places have in common? What ties them together?
Do they share similar motivations for addressing the issue?
What are the reasons they address the issue?
Most places are looking for support or public awareness- How are these places doing this?

Where is this issue heading? Who is leading the charge? How?
What can you do to help?

Moving toward action in climate.
Link to Maldives episode:
http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/548/index.html
http://www.pbs.org/now/classroom/acrobat/lesson07.pdf



Part I: Multiple Choice- Directly from notes. Test directions-Part I: Multiple Choice. Please select the correct answer following each question. Please write your answer on the answer sheet provided.


NOTES You need: Storms notes (Hurricanes, Tornadoes, Blizzards, Tropical Storms, Ice Storms), low pressure(CCW), high Pressure(CW),layers of atmosphere, instruments, all vocab, dangers of specific types of storm,
Ocean notes (Beaches-mainly vocab-, ocean zones-depth, flora, fauna, general ocean facts(including percentages- ex:71% of Earth's surface is ocean) acidification, pH change(with percentage), Great Pacific Garbage Patch (currents-California and Kuroshio),
chaos theory- definition.
Climate conference- location in 2009.
countries in danger of flooding from sea level rise.

Part II: Exact directions on test-Part II: Short answer, reading analysis. You will read a short section from selected readings from the first semester as well as some new material. For each you will be asked general comprehension questions as well as overall themes and connections to our covered topics.
Write answers on this test.

Reading I: From the Environmental Protection Agency website- new article about global warming, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases, industry. 5 questions.

Reading II: From the Environmental Protection Agency website- new article on sea level rise. 6 questions

Reading III: New article- 2 questions and Essay I. essays are two pages. Write a formal explanation of your position on the issue. Using the information in the article-(at least 5 facts or parts) state your position clearly, support that position with the information, ethical and moral reasons, practical reasons, possible scientific benefits, why you are correct, why your friend should vote this way, and tell your friend what to vote for, cause they are your best friend, they believe you.

Reading IV: Climate Change- Scandal named “Climategate” First is a general article, second an article saying climate change is real and third is saying climate change is fake. Please read all three articles. When completed, write a persuasive essay- using information in the stories (whether real or fake, and at least 10 pieces of information) to convince someone of your view.
For each piece of information used from an article please number it to help you keep track.
The essay must be at least 2 pages, written on your mid-term packet.


December 2009 Weather/Climate/Storms quiz
Part I: Vocabulary-Fill in the blank with the correct vocabulary word. Word Bank: Not all will be used-Tropical cyclone, hurricane, freezing rain, ice storm, tornadogenesis, tornado, air pressure, moisture, temperature, wind, humidity, mesosphere, thermosphere, stratosphere, troposphere, hail, thunder, lightning, barometer, anemometer, thermometer, blizzard.
1. measurement of the amount of heat present in the air
2. _a measure of direction and speed of air movement; related to pressure
3. a measure of how much the atmosphere is pushing down on you
4. _a measure of how much water vapor is in the air.
5. _Layer of atmosphere where all the weather happens, Extends to about 15 km above the surface.
6. Highest layer of the atmosphere, extends out to and becomes part of space.
7. Tornado formation is also known as?
8. When damaging accumulations of ice happen during freezing rain situations.
9. Tropical cyclone exceeding a sustained wind speed of 74mph.
10. Rain that falls as a liquid but freezes into glaze upon contact with the ground.

Part II: Short answer- Please write in the best answer to each question as it relates to weather, climate and storms. Please answer the questions in short, complete sentences.
1. Describe two dangers of rising sea levels. For each, name an exact location (city, geographic region, country) that would be directly affected.

2. There are three factors that intensify a hurricane. Write a sentence about what effect each factor has on the hurricane.
A. B. C.
3. In your notes we wrote “Once a hurricane hits land, it loses that cycle and beings to weaken, however it will continue to be strong depending upon size when making landfall.” In the quote-Describe the cycle being referred to.

5. What is a possible climate related explanation for this data change over 30 years?
6. Which of the categories is increasing? Explain one possible reason for this occurrence?
7. What is the total percentage of hurricanes in all combined categories in a single year?_%
8. What are two dangers of an ice storm?
9. We looked at three main conditions needed for blizzard formation. Briefly describe each.

10. What are three dangers associated with blizzards?
11. What is the wind created by falling convective air from the equator to 30degrees North known as?
12. All weather happens in which layer of the atmosphere?
13. The ozone layer is located in which layer of the atmosphere?
14. What purpose does the ozone layer serve to life on Earth?
Questions 15 through 19 are based on the following: There are four main weather observation categories-Temperature, pressure, moisture, and wind.
15. Using the four observations, please write a sentence or two, detailing how they relate to each other in the formation of a hurricane.
16. Which of the four observations directly causes all of the others to change or remain constant?
17. How do changing temperature conditions over time affect world weather patterns?(use the observation words)
18. Which of the four observations is being described for each of the measurements: 89%: WSW 25mph:_
29.94 in Hg :_
19. Which direction is a NW wind coming from? _
20. What clock direction to low pressure storms rotate? (ex:hurricanes, thunder storms, blizzards) _

MIDTERM PRACTICE TEST:
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Applied Science M10 practice test.docx
Practice test in microsoft Word old version:
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Applied Sci M10 practice test word03format.doc
ANSWERS:
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Applied Science Midterm Practice test answers.docx
Answers: Word old version:
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Applied Sci Midt Prac test answers word03format.doc


Third Quarter:

Notes quiz: In order from first notes to last.
To hand in: Sign in to Google Group- create a page with Name: HydroventYourLastName

1. Briefly summarize the theory of Plate tectonics.
2. An expedition in 1964 the British ship Discovery found two major hints to hydrothermal vents in the Red Sea. What were they?
3. What was the name of the project from 1968-1983 that collected seafloor sediment samples from around the globe?
4. What role did seafloor rocks play in determining that hydrothermal vents existed?
5.According to the graph in your notes for Heat Flow through the Seafloor, explain how the what actually happens to the temperature of ocean water moving away from a ridge is different than what was expected.
6. How is convection (heat transfer through density differences) driving hydrothermal vents?
"The Discovery"
7. What chemical was the water filled with that surprised the scientists? (and their noses)
8. What is the name of the food creation system at the bottom of the ocean, lacking sunlight?
Article from March 9 , 1977
9. On this expedition, where were the crew searching?
10. What were they searching for?
11. What did they find that was a surprise?
12. Where is the benthic part of the ocean located?
13. Who was the chief scientist on board? (He was the dude with Bill Nye in the video)
14. As you move away from a ridge or spreading center, the age of the rock_(Choices: increase or decrease)

Sea Floor Spreading
15. Who proposed continental drift?
16. What was the theory of how the plates were able to move around?
17. What "guiding" force gets reversed every few million years due to differences in rock at the ridges?
18. What is the final form of this theory called, which we use at present?

Geysers
19. What are the four conditions needed to form a geyser?
20. What is one example of a highly active geyser country?
21. What method of heat transfer drives geysers and hydrothermal vents?
22. How are the geologic processes for geysers and hydrothermal vents similar?
23. What is one difference between geysers and hydrothermal vents?
24. How does the theory of plate tectonics give clues to the location of hydrothermal vents?


ANSWERS:

1)Plate tectonics: The surface of the earth is broken up into rigid plates.In 1965, J. Tuzo Wilson combined continental drift with seafloor spreading to create plate tectonics.
2)Two hints:rocks with brightly colored layers, (copper, iron, manganese, zinc and more metals). Water at the bottom of the ocean was warmer than the water at the top.
3)The Deep Sea Drilling Project from 1968-1983 collected seafloor sediment samples from around the globe
4)Rocks helped predict hydrothermal vents because they were formed through heated seafloors, The chemical reactions changed the minerals in the rocks and added minerals to the seawater.
5)Scientists believed that the heat would be high near the mid ocean ridge then gradually decrease, however, the heat decreases and increases as one moves away from the ridge.
6) Convection: heated water rises to the top of a system, then cools. the cooler more dense water sinks and is then heated once more. This creates hydrothermal vents when the heat is released through the bottom of the seafloor into the water.
7) hydrogen sulfide.
8) The food creation system is chemosynthetic.
9) searching at the Galapagos Rift for hydrothermal vents
10) hydrothermal vents
11)THERE WAS LIFE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE OCEAN and that each vent has a different colony of organisms surprised scientists.
12) benthic=bottom of the ocean
13)The chief scientist was Bob Ballard.
14)As you move away from the ridge, the age of the rock increases. (it is older )
15) Alfred Wegener =continental drift
16) Continents float on a more dense layer of rocks deep beneath the earth. Heat rising within the hot mantle created currents of partially melted rocks that could move the continents.
17) magnetic field- Where a compass points switches.
18) Plate Tectonics, combined seafloor spreading and continental drift.
19) 1.hot rocks below, 2.an ample ground water source, 3.a subservice water resevoir, 4.fissures to deliver water to the surface
20)United States, Russia, Chile, New Zealand, Iceland.
21)Convection
22) Hot water is spewed when heated in both hydrothermal vents and geysers by convection. The hot water dissolves minerals used to create a food chain at the release point in both.
23) Vents are fed with water fed from above them, geysers through underground water supply. The structure of the convection cell. The location-at the surface of land vs. at the surface of land beneath the ocean.
24) Where plates are moving apart or sliding against each other, there is the possibility for a vent to open up.


Pretest/Review: DONT FORGET TO STUDY YOUR DIAGRAMMMSSSS
Full link(questions are also below link):
http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072509341/student_view0/chapter5/multiple_choice_quiz.html
ANSWERS AT BOTTOM OF TEST.
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1
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Primary producers in the oceans are all microscopic photosynthesizers including bacteria, plants, and algae.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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2
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Stromatolites are calcareous mounds formed by colonies of cyanobacteria.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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3
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Cyanobacteria form a relatively minor component of the ocean's primary producers.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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4
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Heterotrophic bacteria are crucial for their role in recycling nutrients in dead organic matter.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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5
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Photosynthesis in cyanobacteria takes place in folded membranes in their cells whereas in eukaryotic algae it occurs in chloroplasts.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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6
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Diatoms have a protective covering made out of cellulose.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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7
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A diatom's protective covering is made of two tightly fitting halves like a box and lid, each of which produces a new, small half after separating during asexual reproduction.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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8
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Diatoms may produce resistant stages called auxospores when their frustules become too small.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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9
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Dinoflagellates move using two flagella, one wrapped around a central groove, and one trailing free.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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10
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Dinoflagellates are often responsible for toxic red tides and for the diffuse bioluminescence of the open sea.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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11
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Dinoflagellates are exclusively photosynthetic because all of them have chloroplasts.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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12
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Some dinoflagellates become zooxanthellae that inhabit the tissues of animals, forming generally beneficial partnerships.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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13
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Foraminifera are single cells that form chambered calcareous shells.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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14
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Foraminifera and radiolaria capture food by stabbing prey with thin, spiky cytoplasmic extensions.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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15
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Lichens are a type of fungus and thus are classified as strictly heterotrophic.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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16
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Limestone and chalk beds are often made out of the shells of

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A)
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foraminiferans.

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B)
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radiolarians.

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C)
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diatoms.

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D)
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dinoflagellates.
ANSWERS FOR QUIZ 1:ANSWERS: 1. B 2 A 3 B 4A 5A 6B 7 A 8A 9 A 10 A 11.B 12.A 13.A 14. A
15.B 16. A

REVIEW QUIZ # 2:http://glencoe.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0011062009/student_view0/chapter5/chapter_quiz.html



Chapter Quiz

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1
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Primary producers in the oceans are all microscopic photosynthesizers including bacteria, plants, and algae.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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2
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Viruses do not have

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A)
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Any genes at all.

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B)
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A nucleus.

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C)
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RNA.

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D)
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A protein coat.






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3
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After bacterial cells burst as a result of viral infections,

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A)
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Dissolved organic matter is taken up directly by small zooplankton.

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B)
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Essential nutrients are taken up by the viruses.

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C)
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Dissolved organic matter can be taken in by other bacteria.

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D)
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The viruses dissolve.






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4
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Prokaryotic cells have

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A)
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A cell wall.

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B)
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A nucleus.

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C)
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spiral-shaped DNA molecules.

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D)
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No pigment.






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5
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Bacteria are particularly important in ecosystems because

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A)
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They can tolerate harsh environmental conditions.

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B)
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Some form crusts.

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C)
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Many are decomposers.

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D)
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They accumulate oxygen in the atmosphere.






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6
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Anaerobic bacteria generally

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A)
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Require oxygen for growth.

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B)
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Cannot tolerate sulfate.

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C)
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Are heterotrophs.

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D)
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Carry on photosynthesis and not chemosynthesis.






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7
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One might find the Archaea in which habitat?

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A)
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Shallow coastal water

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B)
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Lagoons

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C)
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Hydrothermal vents

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D)
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In tissues of other organisms






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8
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Cyanobacteria form a relatively minor component of the ocean's primary producers.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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9
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Stromatolites are calcareous mounds formed by colonies of cyanobacteria.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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10
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Bacteria that carry on sulfur oxidation can be found where?

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A)
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Only where there is light

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B)
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In mud flats

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C)
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In clean open-ocean water

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D)
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In cold seas






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11
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Like most plants, unicellular algae generally have which of these features?

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A)
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Stems

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B)
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Ability to swim

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C)
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Chlorophyll

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D)
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Complex nonreproductive cells involved in nutrient transport






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12
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Diatoms have a protective covering made out of cellulose.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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13
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Diatomaceous earth is used as a

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A)
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Poison.

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B)
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Medical compound.

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C)
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Filtering medium.

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D)
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Component of paint.






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14
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Asexual reproduction in diatoms usually results in

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A)
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same-sized progeny.

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B)
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Fertilized eggs.

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C)
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One larger and one smaller cell.

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D)
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Naked offspring.






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15
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Dinoflagellates move using two flagella, one wrapped around a central groove, and one trailing free.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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16
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Dinoflagellates are often responsible for toxic red tides and for the diffuse bioluminescence of the open sea.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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17
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Some dinoflagellates become zooxanthellae that inhabit the tissues of animals, forming generally beneficial partnerships.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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18
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Foraminifera are single cells that form chambered calcareous shells.

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A)
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True

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B)
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False






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QUIZ 2 ANSWERS:1B 2B 3C 4A 5C 6C 7C 8B 9A 10B 11C 12B 13C 14C 15A 16A 17A 18A 19C 20B
21B 22D 23D

Short Answer: STRAIGHT FROM NOTES-NOT POSTING ANSWERS
1.List three example of prokaryotes.
2. List five examples of eukaryotes
3. What are the two main parts of a virus?
4.What is a bacteriophage?
5. How does a lysogenic virus destroy its host cell?
6.The HIV virus is an example of which type of virus?
7. Wat are four characteristics of archae bacteria?
8.What is the VERY IMPORTANT JOB of marine bacteria?
9. Prokaryotes have three ways to get food, what are they?
10. The shell of a diatom is called a?
11. How do diatoms get their food?
12.What are the four inner components of a diatom?
13. Diatoms have a whopping (hint: it is a number) different species.
14.What does having oil inside cells do for marine animals?
15. What are three characteristics of dinoflagellates?
16.What is "Red tide" ?
17. Why is "red tide" dangerous?
18. How do pseudopods get their food? What do they eat?


FOOD:
How to read a nutrition label.
The four types of fats and the scale of healthiest to worst for you.
Best for you- Monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, saturated fat, Trans fat-Worst for you.

Sample diets of multiple people- you will compare and evaluate the amount of calories, calories from fat, sugars, beverages, and determine
either healthier alternatives or if the person is already eating healthy.